Disenfranchisement and the Reconstruction Era

Disenfranchisement after the Reconstruction Era in the United States of America was based on a series of laws, new constitutions, and practices in the South that were deliberately used to prevent black citizens from registering to vote and voting. These measures were enacted by the former Confederate states at the turn of the 20th century, and by Oklahoma when it gained statehood in 1907, although not by the former border slave states. Their actions were designed to frustrate the objective of the Fifteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, ratified in 1870, which sought to protect the suffrage of freedmen after the American Civil War.

During the later elections of Reconstruction era, beginning in the 1870s, white Democrats used violence by paramilitary groups, as well as fraud, to suppress black Republican voters and turn Republicans out of office. After regaining control of the state legislatures, Democrats were alarmed by a late 19th-century alliance between Republicans and Populists that cost them some elections. In North Carolina, for example, the Wilmington insurrection of 1898 (long called a race riot by whites) saw white Democrats launching a coup d’etat which overthrew the city government (the only coup of its kind in United States history), a duly elected biracial government headed by a white mayor; and widely attacked the black community, destroying lives and property. As a result, many blacks left the city permanently…

The political cartoon from the 1890s shows how African Americans were prevented from voting even after they were granted suffrage. The loopholes in the law exploited by people such as Senator Jillman

— Read on en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Disenfranchisement_after_the_Reconstruction_Era

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